A team of government-funded US scientists is building a Peer-2-Peer (P2P) network that they say will solve technical problems with existing P2P networks, such as Gnutella and Kazaa, and might even one day supercede the web.
The network, dubbed the Infrastructure for Resilient Internet Systems (IRIS), will speed up searches and information transfer over the internet, and aims to foil “Denial of Service” attacks by hackers – in which a web server is swamped with requests for a page until it crashes.
On the web, information is usually kept on a central server. But in IRIS information will be duplicated as its popularity increases, thereby sharing the load over many machines. Shifting the information means the information can dodge an attack. More here.