A controversial, exercise-based treatment for dyslexia appears to deliver substantial improvements, a study by UK scientists has concluded.

The treatment regime involves physical exercises designed to improve functioning of the cerebellum, a part of the brain involved in co-ordinating movement.

The exercises are designed to ‘train’ the cerebellum to respond normally to information from the vestibular system, which is involved in balance.

Each patient is given an individual program of daily exercises, which might involve throwing beanbags and performing manual tasks while standing on one leg.