Rebuilding usually means putting up the same mud-brick structures used for centuries.
But those homes become death-traps during the frequent earthquakes that hit the area.
Now, some American scientists, engineers and architects think they have a better way to rebuild Afghanistan, using polystyrene.
The FAS set a challenge for the scientific community – design a house that is affordable, energy efficient, and earthquake-resistant.
That meant finding a cheap, lightweight material that could easily be adapted to the Afghan building style.
They found the answer in Florence, Alabama, in the shape of H H “Hoot” Haddock.
He has spent the last 20 years, and millions of his own dollars, developing a building system that uses polystyrene.