About 20 percent of university students in China, who graduated in
2007, have so far failed to find jobs, according to a blue paper issued
by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
Nearly five million university students graduated in 2007, but one
million of them have still not found jobs, according to the blue paper
released earlier this month.
"This is not because China’s policy to expand university enrollment
has resulted in labor supply outweighing demand on the labor market,"
Yang Weiguo, associate professor of Beijing-based Renmin University
"In fact, the gap between supply and demand reaches 13 to 14 million
people annually in recent years," said Yang, also the deputy director
of the Employment Research Institute of Renmin University.
Only 270,000 students were admitted to study in universities when
China resumed its university entrance exams in 1977. Thirty years
later, the number of undergraduates and postgraduates surged to 5.7
million and 424,000 respectively.
However, official statistics show only five percent of China’s total
population have the opportunity to receive higher education,
"One of the reasons for the difficulty in university graduates
finding employment is that they are unable to satisfy the needs of
employers," he said.
"The other reason is that university graduates are unwilling to go
to backward or remote areas, yet are unable to find jobs in
metropolises such as Beijing and Shanghai," he said.
He said the universities need to adjust their teaching methods and content quickly to conform to social development and demand.
He also called on the social security, educational and personnel
departments to adopt more favorable policies or offer subsidies for
university graduates working in relatively backward regions.
Via China Daily