Team leader Spencer Ahrens fastens mirrors in place using wire and plastic washers
Researchers say that a new type of solar energy collector, which concentrates the sun into a beam that could melt steel, could revolutionize global energy production. The prototype is a 12-foot-wide mirrored dish was made from a lightweight frame of thin, inexpensive aluminum tubing and strips of mirror. It concentrates sunlight by a factor of 1,000 to produce steam
MIT students work on a new kind of solar generator that employs low-cost materials. Here they mount the frame of the concentrator (which will be mounted with mirrors) on the base near Tang Hall on Memorial Drive.
MIT students hoist the base of their concentrating solar power system.
“This is actually the most efficient solar collector in existence,” said Doug Wood, an inventor based in Washington state who patented key parts of the dish’s design-the rights to which he has signed over to a team of students at MIT.
To test the prototype this week, MIT mechanical engineering Spencer Ahrens put a plank of wood in the beam and generated an almost instant puff of smoke. The thing does more than burn wood, of course. At the end of a 12-foot aluminum tube rising from the center of the dish is a black-painted coil of tubing that has water running through it. When the dish is pointing directly at the sun, the water in the coil flashes immediately into steam.
Ahrens and his teammates have started a company, RawSolar, to hopefully mass produce the dishes. They could be set up in huge arrays to provide steam for industrial processing, or for heating or cooling buildings, as well as to hook up to steam turbines and generate electricity, according to an MIT statement. Once in mass production, such arrays should pay for themselves within two years or so with the energy they produce the students figure.
“A lot of good people have built working dishes, but generally they’re more expensive, more complex, and harder to build,” says Matthew Ritter, an Olin College of Engineering student who’s also part of the team. “We use widely available materials – that’s our breakthrough.”
Wood, the inventor, said the students built the dish and improved on his design. “They really have simplified this and made it user-friendly, so anybody can build it,” he said. Wood said small dishes work best because it requires much less support structure and costs less for a given amount of collection area.
“I’ve looked for years at a variety of solar approaches, and this is the cheapest I’ve seen,” said MIT Sloan School of Management lecturer David Pelly, in whose class the project first took shape last fall. “And the key thing in scaling it globally is that all of the materials are inexpensive and accessible anywhere in the world.”
“Small solar thermal is a kind of power that has really been traveling under the radar,” says Micah Sze, an MIT business school graduate tapped to help market the technology. “People have been focusing on electricity from the sun, not the heat market. We think there’s an opportunity to supply heat to large institutions like universities and someday individual homes.”
Inventor Doug Wood demonstrates the solar dish’s power by
using it to set fire to a board held at the focal point
Via the Times