Deaf Adults See Better Than Hearing People

Adults born deaf react more quickly to objects at the edge of their visual field!

Adults born deaf react more quickly to objects at the edge of their visual field than hearing people, according to groundbreaking new research by the University of Sheffield.

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Babies, Even When Premature, ‘See’ With Their Hands

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A premature baby holding a cylinder

Even premature babies at 33 weeks post-conceptional age, about 2 months before term (40 gestational weeks), are capable of recognizing and distinguishing two objects of different shapes (a prism and a cylinder) with their right or left hands. This is the first demonstration of fully efficient manual perception in preterm human infants.

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SIDS Linked to Low Levels of Serotonin

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Model of a human brain, with the cerebellum, medulla and brain stem visible at lower left.

The brains of infants who die of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) produce low levels of serotonin, a brain chemical that conveys messages between cells and plays a vital role in regulating breathing, heart rate, and sleep, reported researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health.

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Wireless Phones Can Affect The Brain, Swedish Study Suggests

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Mobile phones and other cordless telephones have a biological effect on the brain, according to new research.

A study at Örebro University in Sweden indicates that mobile phones and other cordless telephones have a biological effect on the brain. It is still too early to say if any health risks are involved, but medical researcher Fredrik Söderqvist recommends caution in the use of these phones, above all among children and adolescents. Few children who regularly use mobile phones use a headset often or always, even though the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority recommends this.

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Children With Autism Show Slower Pupil Responses, Study Finds

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The Human eye

Autism affects an estimated 1 in 150 children today, making it more common than childhood cancer, juvenile diabetes and pediatric AIDS combined. Despite its widespread effect, autism is not well understood and there are no objective medical tests to diagnose it. Recently, University of Missouri researchers have developed a pupil response test that is 92.5 percent accurate in separating children with autism from those with typical development. In the study, MU scientists found that children with autism have slower pupil responses to light change.

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One Shot Of Gene Therapy, And Children With Congenital Blindness Can Now See

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Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and the Center for Cellular and Molecular Therapeutics at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia have used gene therapy to safely improve vision in five children and seven adults with a rare form of congenital blindness

Born with a retinal disease that made him legally blind, and would eventually leave him totally sightless, the nine-year-old boy used to sit in the back of the classroom, relying on the large print on an electronic screen and assisted by teacher aides. Now, after a single injection of genes that produce light-sensitive pigments in the back of his eye, he sits in front with classmates and participates in class without extra help. In the playground, he joins his classmates in playing his first game of softball.

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High Rates Of Childhood Exposure To Violence And Abuse In United States, New Study Finds

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A new study finds high rates of childhood exposure to violence and abuse in United States.

A new study from the University of New Hampshire finds that U.S. children are routinely exposed to even more violence and abuse than has been previously recognized, with nearly half experiencing a physical assault in the study year.

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Smoking During Pregnancy Puts Children At Risk Of Psychotic Symptoms

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Mothers who smoke during pregnancy put their children at greater risk of developing psychotic symptoms in their teenage years.

Mothers who smoke during pregnancy put their children at greater risk of developing psychotic symptoms in their teenage years.

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Protection Or Peril? Gun Possession Of Questionable Value In An Assault, Study Finds

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A new study estimates that people with a gun are 4.5 times more likely to be shot in an assault than those not possessing a gun.

In a first-of its-kind study, epidemiologists at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine found that, on average, guns did not protect those who possessed them from being shot in an assault. The study estimated that people with a gun were 4.5 times more likely to be shot in an assault than those not possessing a gun.

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Battle Of The Sexes Benefits Offspring, Says Research In Birds

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as zebra finches fine-tune their songs, the brain initially stores improvements in one brain pathway before transferring this learned information to the motor pathway for long-term storage

Learning complex skills like playing an instrument requires a sequence of movements that can take years to master. Last year, MIT neuroscientists reported that by studying the chirps of tiny songbirds, they were able to identify how two distinct brain circuits contribute to this type of trial-and-error learning in different stages of life.

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