Carcinogens Form from Third-Hand Smoke

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In tests at Berkeley Lab of celluose surfaces contaminated with nicotine residues from third-hand smoke, levels of newly formed TSNAs rose 10 times following a three hour exposure to nitrous acid. TSNAs are potent carcinogens.

Nicotine in third-hand smoke, the residue from tobacco smoke that clings to virtually all surfaces long after a cigarette has been extinguished, reacts with the common indoor air pollutant nitrous acid to produce dangerous carcinogens. This new potential health hazard was revealed in a multi-institutional study led by researchers with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab).

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Small Hairy Balls Hide Foul-Tasting Healthful Enzymes

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Dutch researcher Saskia Lindhoud has discovered a new way to package enzymes by causing charged polymers to form a ‘ball of hair’ around them.

Dutch researcher Saskia Lindhoud has discovered a new way to package enzymes by causing charged polymers to form a ‘ball of hair’ around them. Her approach significantly increases the utility of the enzymes. For example, healthy enzymes with a foul taste can be packaged in such a way that they are released in the stomach without being tasted.’

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