Discovery Of Novel Genes Could Unlock Mystery Of What Makes Us Uniquely Human

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A baby chimp (Pan troglodytes) and his handler looking at each other.

Humans and chimpanzees are genetically very similar, yet it is not difficult to identify the many ways in which we are clearly distinct from chimps. In a study published online in Genome Research, scientists have made a crucial discovery of genes that have evolved in humans after branching off from other primates, opening new possibilities for understanding what makes us uniquely human. Continue reading… “Discovery Of Novel Genes Could Unlock Mystery Of What Makes Us Uniquely Human”

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Synthetic Biology: Gene Therapy Gets Under The Skin

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apply skin cream in order to stimulate the gene into action

Vaseline, a known molecule from apples and a gene network encapsulated in algal gelatin are the components of a possible gene therapy which literally gets under the skin.

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Why A Low-Calorie Diet Extends Lifespans: Critical Enzyme Pair Identified

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The enzyme WWP-1, shown in green, is a key player in the signaling cascade that links dietary restriction to longevity in roundworms.

Experiment after experiment confirms that a diet on the brink of starvation expands lifespan in mice and many other species. But the molecular mechanism that links nutrition and survival is still poorly understood. Now, researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have identified a pivotal role for two enzymes that work together to determine the health benefits of diet restriction.

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Wiping Out Tooth Infections: Cool Plasma Packs Heat Against Biofilms

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The plasma probe is applied to an extracted tooth

Though it looks like a tiny purple blowtorch, a pencil-sized plume of plasma on the tip of a small probe remains at room temperature as it swiftly dismantles tough bacterial colonies deep inside a human tooth. But it’s not another futuristic product of George Lucas’ imagination. It’s the exciting work of USC School of Dentistry and Viterbi School of Engineering researchers looking for new ways to safely fight tenacious biofilm infections in patients – and it could revolutionize many facets of medicine.

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Geography And History Shape Genetic Differences In Humans

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New research indicates that natural selection may shape the human genome much more slowly than previously thought. Other factors — the movements of humans within and among continents, the expansions and contractions of populations, and the vagaries of genetic chance – have heavily influenced the distribution of genetic variations in populations around the world.

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Why Can We Talk? ‘Humanized’ Mice Speak Volumes About Evolutionary Past

 

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Mice carrying a “humanized version” of a gene believed to influence speech and language may not actually talk, but they nonetheless do have a lot to say about our evolutionary past, according to a report in the May 29th issue of the journal Cell, a Cell Press publication.

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GLOWING MONKEYS? are you serious!!!?

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‘Glowing’ Transgenic Monkeys Carrying Green Fluorescent Protein Gene Pave Way For New Disease Models

A transgenic line of monkeys carrying a gene encoding green fluorescent protein fully integrated into their DNA has been created for the first time. The research, published in the journal Nature, marks the first such feat in non-human primates and paves the way for developing new models of human diseases

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More Genetic Differences Between Mice And Humans Than Previously Thought

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CRAZY… who knew? couldn’t tell by the appearance right?

A new article in PLoS Biology explores exactly what distinguishes the human genome from that of the lab mouse. In the first comprehensive comparison between the genes of mice and humans, scientists from institutions across America, Sweden and the UK reveal that there are more genetic differences between the two species than had been previously thought.

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Common Cold Symptoms Caused By Immune System

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                                                                                                                        The Word Adam ^^^^:)

A University of Calgary scientist confirms that it is how our immune system responds, not the rhinovirus itself, that causes cold symptoms. Of more than 100 different viruses that can cause the common cold, human rhinoviruses are the major cause.

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Eating Red Meat – Disease causing Bacteria

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And just when steak became your favorite!

Offering another reason why eating red meat could be bad for you, an international research team, including University of California, San Diego School of Medicine professor Ajit Varki, M.D., has uncovered the first example of a bacterium that causes food poisoning in humans when it targets a non-human molecule absorbed into the body through red meats such as lamb, pork and beef.

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