Researchers Regrow Cells OF The Inner Retina

Researchers Regrow Cells OF The Inner Retina 

Cells in the retina of mice can be coaxed to create new neurons following an injury, according to new research from the University of Washington. This is the most definitive demonstration to date that such regeneration is possible, given the right cues, for a specific type of neuron in the inner retina of a mammal.

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Doctors Perform Windpipe Transplant With Stem Cells

Doctors Perform Windpipe Transplant With Stem Cells 

 A patient’s collapsed lung, at right, is seen prior to a windpipe transplant which used tissue grown from the patient’s own stem cells.

Doctors have given a woman a new windpipe with tissue grown from her own stem cells, eliminating the need for anti-rejection drugs. “This technique has great promise,” said Dr. Eric Genden, who did a similar transplant in 2005 at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York. That operation used both donor and recipient tissue. Only a handful of windpipe, or trachea, transplants have ever been done.

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Ten Minute Blood Test To Identify Cancer Proteins

Ten Minute Blood Test To Identify Cancer Proteins 

 A microfluidic chip identifies 35 proteins in a drop of blood within 10 minutes.

Measuring proteins in the blood can help doctors determine patients’ cancer risk and monitor the health of the elderly and people with chronic diseases. But current methods for testing these proteins are too expensive and require too much blood to be performed regularly. A microfluidic chip in clinical trials does on a single chip in 10 minutes what normally takes multiple technicians hours to do–and with just a single drop of blood. Researchers hope to make bedside diagnostics based on blood proteins a reality by bringing down the cost of such tests by at least an order of magnitude.

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Nano-Structured Bone Graft Encourages Cell Growth

Nano-Structured Bone Graft Encourages Cell Growth 

 FortOss – Nano-Structured Bone Graft

Bone grafts can more closely mimic the chemical structure and composition of natural bone, thanks to a new material. Like other synthetics, the material minimizes the risk of immune rejection, but it’s much better at encouraging cells to grow.

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Nano-sized “Cargo Ships” Developed To Carry Anti-Cancer Drugs And Markers Through The Body

Nano-sized “Cargo Ships” Developed To Carry Anti-Cancer Drugs And Markers Through The Body 

 The nanometer-sized cargo ships look individually like a chocolate-covered nut cluster, in which a biocompatible lipid forms the chocolate shell and magnetic nanoparticles, quantum dots and the drug doxorubicin are the nuts.

Scientists have developed nanometer-sized ‘cargo ships’ that can sail throughout the body via the bloodstream without immediate detection from the body’s immune radar system and ferry their cargo of anti-cancer drugs and markers into tumors that might otherwise go untreated or undetected.

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