Extreme Light Infrastructure – World’s Most Powerful Lasers

laser

 Extreme Light Infrastructure project

The construction of three gigantic new research lasers has been approved by the European Commission, with the option for a fourth that would, for an instant, be several hundred times more powerful than the entirety of the power generated by our civilization. The hope is that the project, called the Extreme Light Infrastructure, will be enough energy to actually conjure virtual particles out of nothingness.

 

 

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Amazing Discovery – Glass Melts When it Gets Ultracold

melt-glass

Quantum fluctuations may melt glass when it gets too cold.

Anyone who’s seen enough old Sesame Street episodes or been to enough Renaissance Fairs knows that when glass gets hot enough, it turns to liquid. Applied heat pumps energy into the solid pieces of glass, getting their molecules jiggling. As the heat dissipates, the glass becomes cool and solidifies again.

 

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Teleportation Achieved Over 10 Miles

teleportation_0129

Quantum teleportation won’t be transporting Kirk and his Away Team to the surface of some distant planet anytime soon, but it has seriously practical applications to communications.

Quantum teleportation has achieved a new milestone or, should we say, a new ten-milestone: scientists have recently had success teleporting information between photons over a free space distance of nearly ten miles, an unprecedented length. The researchers who have accomplished this feat note that this brings us closer to communicating information without needing a traditional signal, and that the ten miles they have reached could span the distance between the surface of the earth and space.

 

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Physicists Search For Dark Matter

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Milky Way Galaxy

95%. That is the percentage of the known Universe that is missing. As in it is not there. Or at least if it is there, we can’t see it. We call this unseen stuff “dark matter”. That has been well known for sometime. What is trickier in answering is why? Why is it that 95% of the universe is made up of this so-named “dark matter?” An even trickier question is where? As in where is this dark matter? It is those two questions that have plagued physicists for decades. Dark matter, by its own definition cannot be seen, hence its name. So how do we “see” it, how do we know “where” to look?

 

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Study Of Spit To Learn How Germs Spread

Study Of Spit To Learn How Germs Spread

Girl sneezing 

Mark Nicas has given some of his best years to spittle. He builds models – the mathematical kind – of how someone else’s slobber ends up on you. The size of the particles, whether they come out in a dry cough or a wet sneeze, their evaporation rate, air speed – these are all complications, reasons why people like Nicas can spend careers piling up academic papers, all the while building up a healthy respect for pathogens.

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Light-Bending Nanoparticles Could Lead To Superlenses, Invisibility Cloaks

 Light-Bending Nanoparticles Could Lead To Superlenses, Invisibility Cloaks

Directional scattering of an incoming electromagnetic wave by oriented nanocups.

Researchers at Rice University have created a metamaterial that could light the way toward high-powered optics, ultra-efficient solar cells and even cloaking devices.

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Using Janus Particles as Body Submarines

Using Janus Particles as Body Submarines

For the first time, researchers at North Carolina State University have demonstrated that microscopic “two-faced” spheres whose halves are physically or chemically different – so-called Janus particles – will move like stealthy submarines when an alternating electrical field is applied to liquid surrounding the particles.

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