Early morning smokers have higher levels of nicotine and possibly other tobacco toxins in their body.
Are you a smoker that needs a cigarette soon after waking up in the morning? Then, you have an increased risk of developing lung, and head and neck cancers, two new studies have warned.
Published online in the peer-reviewed American Cancer Society journal Cancer, the findings may help identify smokers who have an especially high risk of developing cancer and would benefit from targeted smoking interventions to reduce their risk.
“These (early morning) smokers have higher levels of nicotine and possibly other tobacco toxins in their body, and they may be more addicted than smokers who refrain from smoking for a half hour or more,” said Joshua Muscat, of the Penn State College of Medicine in Hershey, who led both the studies.
“It may be a combination of genetic and personal factors that cause a higher dependence to nicotine,” Muscat said.
Cigarette smoking increases one’s risk of developing various types of cancers, but only some smokers get cancer.
Joshua Muscat and his colleagues tried to investigate whether nicotine dependence as characterized by the time to first cigarette after waking affects smokers’ risk of lung and head and neck cancers independent of cigarette smoking frequency and duration.
Via Times of India